The epidermal layer in the periorbital region is very thin, about 0.5 mm, less than in any part of the face, four times. In addition, the skin around the eyes is almost no subcutaneous fat, sebaceous and sweat glands. The collagen fibers in this region form a rare network structure, which is quickly destroyed and is slowly recovering. All of this contributes to the early creation of wrinkles.
It is believed that most people have the first shallow wrinkles in the periorbital region appeared in 25-30 years. But, it is very forgiving. Sometimes the first signs of aging can happen in previous years.
The appearance of wrinkles is under the influence of many factors, including:
a genetic predisposition for early aging of the skin;
features of the anatomical structure of the face, and deep set eyes, imminens upper eyelids, sagging of the eyebrows;
the presence of autoimmune and/or endocrine diseases that affect the processes of cellular metabolism, which leads to slowing down of the production of elastin and collagen in the tissues;
unhealthy way of life, frequent stress, poor sleep and insufficient rest, chronic fatigue;
the unbalanced diet leads to the development of vitamin deficiency and the lack of an important for the skin and minerals;
bad habits (Smoking, alcohol, drugs);
poor environment, especially, life in the big cities or industrial regions with highly polluted air, which the body does not receive enough oxygen;
the presence of chronic diseases, particularly pathologies of the liver;
lack of or improper care of the skin in the eyes, the use of poor quality or not designed to care for the paraorbital area of cosmetics;
excessive make-up, improper execution of the makeup or the use of defective products;
excessive facial expressions;
negative external influences: the significant change in temperature, chapping, especially in cold or sea air, sunlight, excessive or very dry air;
professional activities such as computer work or fine details when the eye muscles are in constant tension;
nearsightedness because people with poor eyesight have to constantly stupra in oculis;
the dream of very high or low pillow, which leads to an uncomfortable position during rest, which interfere with the normal circulation of the blood in the skin.
But, even if you follow all the rules of care of a skin round eyes and to lead a healthy way of life, sooner or later you will begin to take age-related change that results in a decrease in protein secretion of collagen and elastin, thinner layer of subcutaneous fat, decreased secretion of sebaceous glands, the skin becomes flabby, deflectens, wrinkles and furrows.
The types of wrinkles around the eyes
Usually, the first wrinkles in the "crow's feet" appear on the external corners of the eyes in 25-30 years. Deep wrinkles are formed in 30-40 years. This process develops gradually and the peaks of 55-60 years.
According to the degree of severity are distinguished:
superficial wrinkles, they appear very first and are formed in the area of the epidermis. As wrinkles are crow's feet.
deep wrinkles are formed in the dermal layer and subcutaneous fat. The skin loses its elasticity, becomes dry, flabby and begins to SAG.
Because of the occurrence there are three types of wrinkles:
Mimic — to be developed as a result of the strong tension of the muscles of the face and excessive facial expressions;
Age — occur as a result of age-related changes in the structure of the skin;
Gravity — develop due to sagging skin from losing its elasticity and firmness.
Also, regardless of the causes and severity, all the wrinkles are divided into:
a dynamic not seen in the relaxed condition of the muscles of the face;
static — visually noticeable even in a resting state.
How to get rid of wrinkles around the eyes
The choice of treatment of wrinkles in the periorbital area directly depends on their type, condition of skin and muscular frame of the face, with the presence of comorbidities and individual characteristics of the organism of the patient. After a thorough diagnosis of the problem areas professional can suggest one or more therapies.
Contouring around the eyes
With contouring, you can make the correction of the tear furrows, and remove "crow's feet". For these purposes, special fillers based on hyaluronic acid. The choice of a particular filler specialist individually for each patient.
The essence of the outline is in the introduction under the wrinkle filler which fills the defect, smoothes the skin, and with it guarantee the elimination of aesthetic defects. Fillers are injected with injections with a very fine needle or cannula. Anesthesia is used in rare cases. The entire procedure takes about an hour. Special training for the running of the policy for the issuance of certificates is not necessary, only three days before she does not take alcohol, aspirin, and drugs based on it, not tanning and not tanning.
Hyaluronic acid (ha), on which it is based fillers, is a natural component of the extracellular matrix of the person, including the skin. GK plays an important role in the process of regeneration of the tissue and the synthesis of the correct protein chains of collagen and elastin. It also attracts and holds large amount of water molecules. Injection of fillers provide a rejuvenating effect due to intense moisturizing the problem areas and stimulate the synthesis of collagen and elastin.
The benefits of contour paraorbital zones:
the rejuvenating effect is visible immediately after the procedure;
fast, painless and safe method of correction is different according to the severity of the wrinkles;
the virtual absence of complications;
a small number of contraindications;
a very short rehabilitation period;
a simple preparatory period;
the method does not violate and does not change the expression of the face;
fillers are natural structure of the skin basis.
The only drawback of the contour is that with the passage of time, after six months or one year after the correction, the filler is naturally biodegradable and will require repeated treatments.
The rehabilitation period
After the contour in the course of the week not to visit the sauna, steam room and Solarium. You must also follow the specialist's recommendations for the use of cosmetics during the recovery period.
The contour has a minimum number of complications, which in most cases can be avoided with proper preparation of the procedure and the qualifications of the doctor. After the meeting you can appear sinyachki, swelling, redness. The first weeks you may experience swelling of the corrected area due to the uneven recession of the swelling. Usually after 1-2 weeks, all side effects are themselves.
skin diseases of the face;
infectious diseases in an active phase;
herpes in the active phase;
pregnancy and breast-feeding.
Botulinum toxin, or botulinum toxin, Botox is one of the worst natural poison known to science. Synthesized by the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium botulinum (Clostridia perfringens), causing the fatal disease botulism. However, despite the high toxicity of Botox in the 70-ies of the last century, the ophthalmologist Alan Scott began to use this poison in micro-doses for the treatment of blepharospasm.
In the future, botulinum toxin was applied in the treatment of other spastic syndromes and diseases that lead to spasm of striated muscles, muscles of the sphincter, as well as for the treatment of overactive exocrine glands. The therapeutic effect is achieved as a result of the blocking neurotoxin nerve impulses, which leads to relaxation of the muscle fibers. In the same effect is the use of botulinum toxin in cosmetology.
For eliminating the wrinkles in the periorbital area with botulinum toxin injected into the circular muscle of the eye and/or nasal muscles. This leads to the development of small muscle paralysis, resulting in wrinkles and folds are smoothed and levelled. The duration of action of Botox for 6 months, after which repeat the procedure. With repeated administration of botulinum toxin its action is extended to 8 months.
Preparation for the procedure is the same as for the contour (the title of the article link)
To work the botulinum toxin starts gradually a few days after its introduction. The full effect of the treatment is achieved in 1-2 weeks and lasts up to six months.
more to frown and crinkle of the medicinal product is distributed as evenly as possible;
two weeks after the procedure you can access the sauna, steam room, swimming pool, Solarium and it is not recommended to sunbathe;
should be discontinued two weeks of exercises and massage;
3-4 hours after the procedure, you can not take a horizontal position and tilt;
you do not need to tap the area of the injections;
it is not recommended to use decorative cosmetics during the day after the completion of the procedure;
the reduction of the liquids, salt and spicy food during the week after the completion of the procedure;
you have to remember that some antibiotics and vitamins To promote rapid excretion of the botulinum toxin from the body;
chemical peeling can be carried out not earlier than two weeks after the completion of the procedure.
the presence of skin infections and other skin diseases in the active stage;
exacerbation of chronic diseases;
infectious diseases, influenza, SARS, etc.;
antibiotics and blood thinners;
pregnancy and lactation;
low blood clotting;
Botox injections in the periorbital region is a complex procedure, requiring specialized skills and knowledge. Violation of the procedure, the wrong drug or dosage can lead to the development of dangerous complications. Therefore, it is important to carefully approach the choice of clinics and specialists.
Minor swelling, redness of the injection place, tolerant of pain, slight itching and slight bruising at the injection site is a normal reaction to Botox. In rare cases, there may be fever, magis crebris heartbeat, nausea and headache. All these effects disappear after a short time.
Botox injections are recommended Mature patients with very deep wrinkles and folds. Be aware that if you implement a procedure for more than twice a year, in the body begins to produce antibodies to the botulinum toxin, and a therapeutic effect is reduced. Also, in extremely rare cases, some people the body that are not sensitive to the neurotoxin.
A method of solving the aesthetic problems with the introduction of the middle layer of skin (mesoderm) of the various drugs were developed and applied in practice in 1958, Dr. Michel pistor. It was he who gave this method the name of mesotherapy, and set its main direction: "little, rarely and in the right place."
Unlike gels for biorevitalisation composed of pure hyaluronic acid, mezokokteyl for injection, except for GK, contain other active ingredients. This gives you the opportunity to find the right remedy for each patient, depending on the needs of her skin.
intradermal introduction to the periorbital area of special preparations (mezokokteyl) allows to solve the following tasks:
to smooth out wrinkles;
reduce puffiness and eliminate dark circles under the eyes;
to moisturize the skin and improve its color;
return ramus cutaneus festival of Praesidio firmness and elasticity.
The benefits and drawbacks of mesotherapy
The obvious advantages of eliminating the aesthetic problems in the periorbital area, by intradermal injection are the following factors:
the presence of specially designed for the skin around the eyes mezokokteyl;
the opportunity to solve several tasks (for example to reduce puffiness and increase elasticity of the skin);
additional anti-aging effect due to the technology implementation — activates the skin regeneration is partly related to the violation of its integrity during the injection;
short-lived, do not require special events.....
The disadvantages of mesotherapy can be attributed to the duration due to the necessity of several procedures.
How is mesotherapy skin around the eyes
In the beginning of the session of mesotherapy conduct a thorough cleaning and ANTISEPTICA REMEDIA treatment zone correction. In accordance with the individual indications (a low threshold of pain of the patient) can be applied for local anesthesia.
The technician then performs the required number of intradermal injections mezokokteylya. Then the skin around the eyes, once treated with antiseptics.